Vare le yelbulo

Celtic harp

Yizie Wikipiideɛ

A Celtic harp waa la a ŋa triangular frame harp saaŋkonoŋ bonne ko a Celtic nations naŋ be a northwest Europe. Ba maŋ la boɔla o ka cláirseach a Irish paaloŋ, clàrsach a Scottish Gaelic, telenn a Breton aneŋ telyn a yi Welsh. A yi Ireland aneŋ Scotland poɔ, o da waa la ŋa wire-strung boŋ ŋmeɛraa ŋa a ŋmɛŋmeɛrɛ naŋ taa sori ka o zanne yaga kyɛ na baŋ o ŋmeɛbo, kyɛ ka o begɛ da te kyaare ne a Gaelic ruling class. O be a Irish deme libikue eŋaŋ, Guinness bommaalaa, aneŋ meŋ ka o la be a coat of arms eŋa ko a Republic of Ireland, Montserrat, Canada aneŋ a United Kingdom.

Dabaŋkoroŋ piiloo[maaleŋ | Maale eŋ yizie]

11th century depiction of a harpist on the Breac Maodhóg
Harpist on the Shrine of St Patrick's Tooth, 14th century
1805 Irish penny depicting an Irish harp, long used as a national symbol.

A early history of the triangular frame harp in Europe waa la kyɛkyɛ ŋmeɛbo ana paaloŋ poɔ. A boŋ ŋmeɛraa dɛŋdɛŋ soba te kyaare ne a harping saaŋkonoŋ yɛlɛ naŋ be a Gaelic paaloŋ poɔ la ka ba da boɔla ka cruit. A sɛgebiri ŋa na baŋ te manna la ŋmiime boŋ ŋmeɛraa parɛɛ parɛɛ mine, ka yoe waabo piiloo poɔŋ ka o leɛ te yiniŋ a Welsh crwth. Noba gba yeli ka a sɛgebiri clàrsach / cláirseach (a yi clàr / clár, a board) ŋa da nyɛ yi la a triangular frame harp ŋa ka ba leɛ de ko a cruit boɔloo poɔŋ, kyɛ ka a yuori emmo ŋa da te yi a Scottish paaloŋ piiloo poɔŋ.[1]

O waaloŋ aneŋ o toma[maaleŋ | Maale eŋ yizie]

O endaare[maaleŋ | Maale eŋ yizie]

The medieval 'Queen Mary harp' (Clàrsach na Banrìgh Màiri) preserved in the National Museum of Scotland, Edinburgh
The Bunworth Harp (1734), a later example of a more characteristically "Irish Harp" from County Cork

A cláirseach endaare yoe tɔŋ tutaa la ŋa :

Celtic harp components
Irish Scottish Gaelic English
amhach amhach neck
cnaga cnagan pins
corr còrr pin-board
coim com chest or soundbox
lámhchrann làmh-chrann tree or forepillar
téad teud strings
crú na d-tead cruidhean nan teud string shoes
fhorshnaidhm urshnaim toggle

O ŋmeɛbo sɔbie mine[maaleŋ | Maale eŋ yizie]

1845 calotype photograph of the Irish harper Pádraig Dall Ó Beirn (1794-1863)

Noba naŋ da lannataa kyɛ ŋmeɛrɛ aneŋ a sigoo[maaleŋ | Maale eŋ yizie]

Nyɛntaare mine[maaleŋ | Maale eŋ yizie]

A modern 'Celtic harp' in Canada

Bibliography[maaleŋ | Maale eŋ yizie]

Tɛmpileti:ClearTɛmpileti:Refbegin

  • Armstrong, Robert Bruce (1904). The Irish and The Highland Harps. Edinburgh: David Douglas.
  • Bannerman, John (1991). "The Clàrsach and the Clàrsair". Scottish Studies, vol. 30 no. 3.
  • Budgey, Andrea (2002). "Musical relations between Scotland and Ireland" [in] McDonald, R. Andrew, [ed.] Literature and Music in Scotland: 700–1560. University of Toronto Press, Tɛmpileti:ISBN; Tɛmpileti:ISBN.
  • Caldwell, D.H., [ed.] (1982). Angels, Nobles and Unicorns: Art and Patronage in Medieval Scotland. Edinburgh: NMS.
  • Cathcart, Cynthia (Summer 2009). "Silver report: Precious metal strings on the wire-strung harp". Folk Harp Journal, no. 143, pp. 34–43. available via wirestrungharp.com Tɛmpileti:Webarchive .
  • Chadwick, Simon (November 2008). "The Early Irish Harp". Early Music, vol. 36, no. 4, pp. 521–532.
  • Collinson, Francis (1983)[1966]. The Bagpipe, Fiddle and Harp. Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1966; reprinted by Lang Syne Publishers Ltd., Tɛmpileti:ISBN, Tɛmpileti:ISBN.
  • Dimock, James F., [ed.] (1867). Giraldi Cambrensis opera: Giraldi Cambrensis Topographica Hibernica et Expugnatio Hibernica. London, UK: Longmans, Green, Reader, and Dyer.
  • Farmer, Henry George (1947). A History of Music in Scotland, p. 280. London, UK.
  • Heymann, Ann & Heymann, Charlie (Fall 1991). "Cláirseach: The Lore of the Irish Harp". Éire-Ireland, vol. 26, no. 3.
  • Heymann, Ann & Heymann, Charlie (Summer 2003). "Strings of Gold". The Historical Harp Society Journal, vol. 13, no. 3, pp. 9–15. available via annheymann.com Tɛmpileti:Webarchive .
  • Lanier, Sara C. (1999). "'It is new-strung and shan't be heard': Nationalism and Memory in the Irish Harp Tradition". British Journal of Ethnomusicology, vol. 8.
  • Lawlor, Helen (2012). Irish Harping, 1900–2010. Dublin: Four Courts Press, Tɛmpileti:ISBN.
  • Le Govic, Tristan (2015). The Breton Harp Anthology (Antologiezh Telenn Breizh) Vol. II
  • Newton, Michael & Cheape, Hugh (n.d.) "The Keening of Women and the Roar of the Pipe: From Clársach to Bagpipe, ca. 1600–1782". available via academia.edu Tɛmpileti:Webarchive .
  • Ó Brógáin, Séamas (1998). The Irish Harp Emblem. Dublin, IE: Wolfhound Press, Tɛmpileti:ISBN.
  • O'Donnell, Mary Louise (2014). Ireland's Harp: The Shaping of Irish Identity c.1770–1880. Dublin, IE: University College Dublin Press, Tɛmpileti:ISBN.
  • Rensch, Roslyn (1989). Harps and Harpists, pp. 125–127. Indiana University Press.
  • Rimmer, Joan (1964). "The Morphology of the Irish Harp". The Galpin Society Journal, no. 17.
  • Rimmer, Joan (1984)[1969] The Irish Harp: Cláirseach na hÉireann, 3rd ed. The Mercier Press, Tɛmpileti:ISBN [1st ed. 1969; 2nd ed. 1977].
  • Sanger, Keith & Kinnaird, Alison (1992). Tree of Strings – Crann nan Teud. Kinmor Music, Tɛmpileti:ISBN.
  • Watson, J. Carmichael, [ed.] (1934). Gaelic Songs of Mary MacLeod. Blackie & Son. available via archive.org .
  • Yeats, Gráinne (1980). Féile na gCruitirí, Béal Feirste [The Belfast Harpers' Festival] 1972. Gael Linn, Tɛmpileti:ISBN.

Tɛmpileti:Refend

Sommo yizie[maaleŋ | Maale eŋ yizie]

Yeŋe linkiri[maaleŋ | Maale eŋ yizie]

Tɛmpileti:HarpsTɛmpileti:Music of IrelandTɛmpileti:Scottish folk musicTɛmpileti:Medieval musicTɛmpileti:Renaissance musicTɛmpileti:Authority controlTɛmpileti:Ireland topics

  1. John Bannerman, 'The Clàrsach and the Clàsair' in Scottish Studies 30, 1991, pp. 3–4.